List of Plants Native to the Calgary Area

Click for a list of native Calgary plant species.

With Edna Malak, Alberta Native Plant Council, Mountain Region Plant Specialist, and the hard work of our communications expert, Joanne Klein, we have been graciously able to share this provincial treasure with our community. Thank you!

HERBACEOUS

Legend: FAMILY

PLANT NAME: SCIENTIFIC NAME HEIGHT DESCRIPTION

Lily Family

Prairie Onion: Allium textile (Allium aridum, A. reticulatum, etc.) White – Pale Pink 5 – 25 cm

Blue Camas /Wild Hyacinth: Camassia quamash Purple-Blue 30 – 60 cm

Western Wood Lily: Lilium philadelphicum (Lilium andinum) Reddish Orange 30 – 60 cm

Wild Lily of the Valley: Maianthemum canadense (Unifolium canadense) White 5 – 15 cm

Star-flowered Solomon’s -seal: Maianthemum stellatum (Smilacina stellata) White 20 – 70 cm

White Cammas: Zigadenus elegans (Anticlea elegans) Greenish – White 20 – 60 cm

Iris Family

Blue-Eyed Grass: Sisyrinchium montanum Blue – Violet 10 – 30 cm

Hemp Family

Common Hops: humulus lupulus Greenish 2 – 4 m

Buckwheat Family

Yellow Umbrellaplant: Eriogonum flavum Yellow 10 – 30 cm

Pale Smartweed/Green Smartweed: Polygonum lapathifolium Greenish-White to Pink 20 – 150 cm

Wild Bergonia/Sand Dock/Veined Dock: Rumex venosus Pinkish – Red 10 – 40 cm

Goosefoot Family

Salt Sage: Atriplex falcata (Atriplex falcata) Yellow, Greyish-Green 20 – 60 cm

Garden Orache: Atriplex hortensis Reddish – Green 60 – 200 cm

Strawberry Blite: Chenopodium capitatum Green (sepals Bright Red at maturity) 20 – 50 cm)

Purslane Family

Purslane: Portulaca oleracea Yellow 10 – 60 cm

Pink Family

Blunt-leaved Sandwort: Moehringia lateriflora White 5 – 20 cm

Low Whitlow-wort: Paronychia sessiliflora Pale Yellow 1 – 7.5 cm

Soapwort: Saponaria officinalis Pale Pink 30 – 90 cm

Crowfoot/Buttercup Family

Canada Anemone: Anemone canadensis White 20 – 70 cm

Long-fruited Anemone: Anemone cylindrica Creamy – Greenish White 15 – 80 cm

Cut-leaved Anemone/Windflower: Anemone multifida White/Yellow/Bluish/Pink – Red 15 – 60 cm

Veiny Meadow-rue: Thalictrum venulosum Greenish-White to Pinkish-Purple 15 – 90 cm

Tall Meadow-rue: Thalictrum dasycarpum Greenish-White to Pinkish-Purple 1.5 m

Caper Family

Beeplant/Spiderflower/Pink Cleome: Cleome serrulata Red-Purple 30 – 80 cm

Mustard Family

Dame’s-rocket: Hesperis matronalis Pinkish – Purple to White 30 – 100 cm

Sand Bladderpod: Lesquerella arenosa Yellow tinged with Red or Purple 1 – 25 cm

Saxifrage Family

Alumroot: Heuchera richardsonii Pinkish – Purple 30 – 40 cm

Rose Family

Yellow Avens: Geum aleppicum Bright Yellow 40 – 100 cm

Prairie Smoke/ Old Man’s Whiskers: Geum triflorum Purple – Pink to Yellowish-White 20 – 40 cm

White Cinquifoil: Potentilla arguta White 40 – 100 cm

Sulphur Cinquifoil: Potentilla recta Yellow 30 – 70 cm

Pea Family

Perennial Lupine: Lupinus sericeus Purple-Blue 40 – 80 cm

Alpine Hedysarum: Hedysarum alpinum Red – Purple

Buffalobean, Groundplum: Astragalus crassicarpus Yellowish – White with Purple Tinge 10 – 35 cm

Cushion Milkvetch: Astragalus gilviflorus Yellowish – White > 5 cm

Ascending Milkvetch: Astragalus laxmannii var. robustior Purple or White 20 – 40 cm

Purple Milkvetch: Astragalus agrestis Purple 5 – 20 cm

Missouri Milkvetch: Astragalus missouriensis Bluish – Bright Purple 2 – 10 cm

Narrow-leaved Milkvetch: Astragalus pectinatus Yellowish – White 20 – 60 cm

Crownvetch: Coronilla varia White – Pink or Purplish 20 – 120 cm

White Prairie – Clover: Dalea candida var. candida White 20 – 80 cm

Purple Prairie – Clover: Dalea purpurea Reddish – Purple 30 – 80 cm

Wild Licorice: Glycyrrhiza lepidota Yellowish – White 30 – 100 cm

Northern Hedysarum: Hedysarum boreale Reddish – Purple 20 – 60 cm

Bird’s-Foot Trefoil: Lotus – coriculatus Bright Yellow 10 – 60 cm

Yellow Lucerne: Medicago sativa ssp falcata Yellow < 1 m

Sainfoin: Onobrychis viciifolia Pink to Purplish – Pink 20 – 100 cm

Golden Bean, Buffalobean: Thermopsis rhombifolia Golden Yellow 10 – 40 cm

Geranium Family

Stork’s- Bill: Erodium cicutarium Pink 10 – 40 cm

Flax Family

Yellow Flax: Linum rigidum Yellow 10 – 50 cm

Mallow Family

Velvetleaf: Abutilon theophrasti Orange – Yellow 1 – 1.5 m

Round-Leaved Mallow: Malva rotundifolia Pale Blue – White or Lilac 20 – 130 cm

High Mallow: Malva syvestris Dark Bluish Purple not listed

Whorled Mallow: Malva verticillata White – Pale Purple not listed

Scarlet Mallow: Malva coccinea Brick Red 10 – 20 cm

Violet Family

Yellow Prairie: Violet Viola nuttallii Yellow with Purple Veins < 7 cm

Blazingstar Family

Evening-Star, Sand-Lily: Mentzelia decapetala Yellowish – White 40 – 100 cm

Cactus Family

Ball Cactus: Escobaria vivipara Purplish – Red 5 cm

Fragile Pricklypear: Opuntia fragilis Pale Yellow mat forming

Plains Pricklypear: Opuntia polyacantha Yellow fading to Bronze clump forms

Evening-Primrose Family

Scarlet Butterfly Weed: Guara coccinea White turning Scarlet Red 10 – 30 cm

Yellow Evening-Primrose: Oenothera biennis Bright Yellow 50 – 150 cm

White Evening-Primrose: Oenothera nuttallii White in AM, pinkish in PM 30 – 100 cm

Carrot Family

Plains Cymopterus: Cymopterus acaulis White > 5 cm

Musineon: Musineon divaricatum Yellow 10 cm

Primrose Family

Pygmy-flower/ Fairy Candelabra: Androsace septentdrionalis White 5 – 30 cm

Fragile Pricklypear: Dodecatheon conjugens Magenta to White, Yellow at the base 10 – 20 cm

Saline Shootingstar: Dodecatheon pulchellum Magenta 5 – 50 cm

Gentian Family

Felwort, Northern Gentian: Gentianella amarella Light Purple to Pale Blue, Whitish to Yellowish Green 5 – 50 cm

Milkweed Family

Showy Milkweed: Asclepias speciosa Purplish – Pink 50 – 200 cm

Phlox Family

Collomia: Collomia linearis Pink 10 – 40 cm

Moss Phlox: Phlox hoodii White to Pale Blue > 5 cm

Borage Family

Narrow-leaved Puccoon: Lithosermum incisum Bright Yellow 10 – 50 cm

Mint Family

Giant Hyssop: Agastache foeniculum Blue – Violet 50 – 100 cm

Ground-ivy, Gill-Over-the-Ground: Glecoma hederacea Purplish-Blue creeping

Figwort Family

Stiff Yellow Paintbrush: Castilleja lutescens Green with yellow bracts 30-60 cm

Common Red Paintbrush: Castilleja miniata Green with red bracts 20 – 60 cm

Dwarf Snapdragon: Chaenorhinum minus Light Blue to Purple with Yellow Throat 5 – 40 cm

Owl-clover: Orthocarpus luteus Golden Yellow 10 – 40 cm

Elephant-head, Little Red Elephant: Pedicularis groenlandica Reddish Purple or Pink 30 – 50 cm

White Beardtongue: Penstemon albidus White or tinged with Violet 15 – 40 cm

Smooth Blue Beardtongue: Penstemon nitidus Blue to Purplish 20 – 30 cm

Slender Blue Beardtongue: Penstemon procerus Purplish-Blue 10 – 40 cm

Common Mullein: Verbascum thapsus Yellow 1 – 2.5 m

American Brooklime, Speedwell: Veronica americana Blue to Pale Violet 20 – 60 cm

Honeysuckle Family

Twinflower: Linnaea borealis Pinkish- White > 1 m

Teasel Family

Blue Buttons, Field Scabious: Knautia arvensis/ Scabiosa arvensis Lilac, Pink or Blue 40 – 130 cm

Wild- Cucumber, Balsam-Apple: Echinocysitis lobata White / Greenish-Yellow 4 – 8 m long

Harebell Family

Harebell: Campanula rotundifolia Blue 20 – 45 cm

Lobelia Family

Kalm’s Lobelia: Lobelia kalmii Blue with White Center 10 – 50 cm

Aster Family

Yarrow: Achillea millefolium Yellow disc florets, White to Pinkish White bracts 30 – 80 cm

Pale False-Dandelion: Agoseris glauca Yellow 10 – 40 cm

Pearly Everlasting: Anaphalis margaritacea Yellow disc florets, Pearly White bracts 20 – 60 cm

Small-Leaved Everlasting: Antennaria parvifolia White bracts 10 – 25 cm

Pink Pussytoes: Antennaria rosea Disk florets White, bracts Pinkish 15 – 50 cm

Heart-Leaved Arnica: Arnica cordifolia / Arnica paniculata Yellowish-orange 20 – 60 cm

Prairie Sagewort: Artemisia ludoviciana Greyish-White 15 -60 cm

Nodding Beggarticks: Bidens cernua Yellow, inner bracts Yellow streaked with Red 20 – 100cm

Common Beggarsticks: Bidens frondosa Purple stems, Orange ray florets, Yellow disc florets 20 – 100 cm

Chicory: Cichorium intybus Light Purple 20 – 100 cm

Narrow – Leaved Hawksbeard: Crepis tectorum Yellow 10 – 100 cm

Tufted Fleabane: Erigeron caespitosus Yellow disc florets with White or Pinkish ray florets 10 – 25cm

Smooth Fleabane: Erigeron glabellus Blue or Pink florets 10 – 25 cm

Compound Fleabane: Erigeron compositus Yellow disc florets with White ray florets 5 – 15 cm

Showy Aster: Eurybia conspicua Yellowish-brown disc florets and Pale Purple-Pink rays 40 – 100 cm

Gaillardia: Gaillardia aristata Crimson disc florets, Yellow, Purplish-Red at base rays 20 – 60 cm

Hairy Galinsoga: Galinsoga ciliata Yellow disc florets, White – Pale Pink ray florets 15 – 90 cm

Gumweed: Grindelia squarrosa Yellow 30 – 60 cm

Broomweed: Gutierrezia sarothrae Yellow 10 – 30 cm

Common Annual Sunflower: Helianthus annuus Reddish Purple – Brown disc florets, Yellow ray florets 20 – 120 cm

Narrow-Leaved Sunflower: Helianthus maximilianii Yellow 50 – 200 cm

Rhombic-Leaved Sunflower: Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. Subrhomboideus Reddish Purple – Brown disc florets, Yellow ray florets 30 – 100 cm

Golden Aster, Hairy Golden Aster: Heterotheca villosa Reddish Purple – Brown disc florets, Yellow ray florets 10 – 50 cm

King Devil: Hieracium caespitosum Yellow 20 – 90 cm

Narrow-Leaved Hawksweed: Hieracium umbellatum Yellow 20 – 100 cm

Colorado Rubberplant: Hymenoxys richardsonii Yellow 10 – 30 cm

Meadow Blazingstar: Liatris ligulistylis Purple to Rose 30 – 80 cm

Dotted Blazingstar: Liatris punctata Pinkish to Purple 20 – 60 cm

Prairie Coneflower: Ratibida columnifera Greyish-Yellow to Purplish-Brown disc florets,Yellow ray florets 30 – 70 cm

Black-Eyed Susan: Rudbeckia hirta Dark Brown-Purple disc florets, Orange – Yellow ray florets 30 – 100 cm

Canada Goldenrod: Solidago canadensis Yellow 30 – 120 cm

Mountain Goldenrod: Solidago simplex var. spathulata Yellow 10 – 40 cm

Lindley’s Aster: Symphyotrichum ciliolatum Yellow disc florets, Light Purple ray florets 20 – 100 cm

SHRUBS AND VINES:

Legend: FAMILY

PLANT NAME: SCIENTIFIC NAME, HEIGHT, DESCRIPTION

YEW

Beaked Willow: Salix bebbiana 5 m

Sandbar Willow: Salix exigua 4 m

BIRCH

Green Alder: Alnus viridus ssp. Crispa 1 – 3 m

CROWFOOT/BUTTERCUP

Western Clematis: Clematis ligusticifolia 3 – 6 m White flowers

BARBERRY

Common Barberry: Berberus vulgaris up to 3 m Yellow flowers

HYDRANGEA

Mock Orange: Syringa Philadelphus lewisii 1 – 3 m White flowers

CURRANT/GOOSEBERRY

Golden Currant: Ribes aureum 1 – 2 m Yellow flowers with Red tips

Wild Gooseberry: Ribes oxyacanthoides up to 2m Greenish White

ROSE

Saskatoon: Amalanchier alnifolia 1 – 6 m White flowers

Round -Leaved Hawthorn: Crataegus chrysocarpa var. rotundifolia 1 – 5 m White flowers

Shrubby Cinquefoil: Dasiphora floribunda 30 – 150 cm Yellow flowers

Pin Cherry: Prunus pensylvanica up to 8 m White flowers

Chokecherry: Prunus virginiana up to 10 m White flowers

Prickly Rose, Wild Rose: Rosa acicularis up to 2.5 m Pink flowers

Prairie Rose: Rosa arkansana 20 – 50 cm Pink flowers

Red Raspberry: Rubus idaeus up to 2 m White flowers

Narrow-Leaved Meadowsweet: Spiraea alba up to 2 m White flowers

White Meadowsweet: Spiraea betulifolia 20 – 80 cm White flowers

Caragana, Siberian Pea Tree: Caragana arborescens 3 – 4 m Yellow flowers

European Buckthorn: Rhamnus cathartica up to 6 m Yellowish-Green flowers

OLEASTER

Silverberry, Wolf Willow: Elaeagnus cummutata 1 – 4 m Silver outside, Yellow inside

Canadian Buffaloberry: Shepheria canadensis 1 – 3 m Yellowish-Brown flowers

DOGWOOD

Red-Osier Dogwood: Cornus sericea ssp. sericea 1 – 3 m White flowers

HEATH

Common Bearberry: Kinnikinnick Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 50 – 100 cm Pinkish White flowers

HONEYSUCKLE

Twining Honeysuckle: Lonicera dioica 1 – 3 m Yellow, turning Reddish-Orange with age

Tartarian Honeysuckle: Lonicera tatarica 1 – 2 m White or Pink flowers

Snowberry: Symphoricarpos albus 30 – 100 cm Pinkish White flowers

Buckbrush: Symphoricarpos occidentalis up to 1 m Pinkish White flowers

Lowbush Cranberry, Mooseberry: Viburnum edule 1 – 2 m White flowers

Sagebrush: Artemesia cana 30 – 150 m